ORO.FTL.205 Flight Duty Period (FDP)

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ORO.FTL.210

Flight Times and Duty Periods

(a)       The operator shall:

(1)   define  reporting  times  appropriate  to  each  individual  operation  taking  into account ORO.FTL.110(c);

GM1 ORO.FTL.205(a)(1) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

(2)   establish procedures specifying how the commander shall, in case of special circumstances which could lead to severe fatigue, and after consultation with the crew members concerned, reduce the actual FDP and/or increase the rest period in order to eliminate any detrimental effect on flight safety.

(b)       Basic maximum daily FDP.

(1)   The maximum daily FDP without the use of extensions for acclimatised crew members shall be in accordance with the following table:

GM1 ORO.FTL.205(b)(1) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

Table 2 Maximum daily FDP – Acclimatised crew members

Start of FDP at reference time

Sectors

1 – 2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

06:00 – 13:29

13:00

12:30

12:00

11:30

11:00

10:30

10:00

9:30

9:00

13:30 – 13:59

12:45

12:15

11:45

11:15

10:45

10:15

9:45

9:15

9:00

14:00 – 14:29

12:30

12:00

11:30

11:00

10:30

10:00

9:30

9:00

9:00

14:30 – 14:59

12:15

11:45

11:15

10:45

10:15

9:45

9:15

9:00

9:00

15:00 – 15:29

12:00

11:30

11:00

10:30

10:00

9:30

9:00

9:00

9:00

15:30 – 15:59

11:45

11:15

10:45

10:15

9:45

9:15

9:00

9:00

9:00

16:00 – 16:29

11:30

11:00

10:30

10:00

9:30

9:00

9:00

9:00

9:00

16:30 – 16:59

11:15

10:45

10:15

9:45

9:15

9:00

9:00

9:00

9:00

17:00 – 04:59

11:00

10:30

10:00

9:30

9:00

9:00

9:00

9:00

9:00

05:00 – 05:14

12:00

11:30

11:00

10:30

10:00

9:30

9:00

9:00

9:00

05:15 – 05:29

12:15

11:45

11:15

10:45

10:15

9:45

9:15

9:00

9:00

05:30 – 05:44

12:30

12:00

11:30

11:00

10:30

10:00

9:30

9:00

9:00

05:45 – 05:59

12:45

12:15

11:45

11:15

10:45

10:15

9:45

9:15

9:00

(2)   The maximum daily FDP when crew members are in an unknown state of acclimatisation shall be in accordance with the following table:

Table 3  Crew members in an unknown state of acclimatisation

Maximum Daily FDP according to number of Sectors

1 – 2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11:00

10:30

10:00

9:30

9:00

9:00

9:00

Not Allowed

(3)   The maximum daily FDP when crew members are in an unknown state of acclimatisation  and  the  operator  has  implemented  a  FRM,  shall  be  in accordance with the following table:

Table 4  Crew members in an unknown state of acclimatisation under FRM

Maximum Daily FDP according to number of Sectors

1 – 2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

12:00

11:30

11:00

10:30

10:00

9:30

9:00

Not Allowed

(c)       FDP with different reporting time for flight crew and cabin crew.

Whenever cabin crew requires more time than the flight crew for their pre-flight briefing for the same sector or series of sectors, the FDP of the cabin crew may be extended by the difference in reporting time between the cabin crew and the flight crew. The difference shall not exceed 1 hour. The maximum daily FDP for cabin crew shall be based on the time at which the flight crew report for their FDP, but the FDP shall start at the reporting time of the cabin crew.

(d)       Maximum daily FDP for acclimatised crew members with the use of extensions without in-flight rest.

(1)   The maximum daily FDP may be extended by up to 1 hour not more than twice in any 7 consecutive days. In that case:

(i)    the minimum pre-flight and post-flight rest periods shall be increased by 2 hours; or

(ii)   the post-flight rest period shall be increased by 4 hours.

(2)   When extensions are used for consecutive FDPs, the additional pre- and post- flight rest between the two extended FDPs required under subparagraph 1 shall be provided consecutively.

(3)   The use of the extension shall be planned in advance, and shall be limited to a maximum of:

(i)    5 sectors when the WOCL is not encroached; or

(ii)   4 sectors, when the WOCL is encroached by 2 hours or less; or

(iii)   2 sectors, when the WOCL is encroached by more than 2 hours.

(4)   Extension of the maximum basic daily FDP without in-flight rest shall not be combined with extensions due to in-flight rest or split duty in the same duty period.

(5)   Flight time specification schemes shall specify the limits for extensions of the maximum basic daily FDP in accordance with the certification specifications applicable to the type of operation, taking into account:

(i)    the number of sectors flown; and

(ii)   WOCL encroachment.

(e)       Maximum daily FDP with the use of extensions due to in-flight rest

Flight time specification schemes shall specify the conditions for extensions of the maximum  basic daily FDP  with  in-flight  rest  in accordance  with  the  certification specifications applicable to the type of operation, taking into account:

(i)    the number of sectors flown;

(ii)   the minimum in-flight rest allocated to each crew member;

(iii)   the type of in-flight rest facilities; and

(iv)  the augmentation of the basic flight crew.

(f)        Unforeseen circumstances in flight operations — commander’s discretion

AMC1 ORO.FTL.205(f) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

(1)   The conditions to modify the limits on flight duty, duty and rest periods by the commander in the case of unforeseen circumstances in flight operations, which start at or after the reporting time, shall comply with the following:

(i)    the maximum daily FDP which results after applying points (b) and (e) of point ORO.FTL.205 or point ORO.FTL.220 may not be increased by more than 2 hours unless the flight crew has been augmented, in which case the maximum flight duty period may be increased by not more than 3 hours;

GM1 ORO.FTL.205(f)(1)(i) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

(ii)   if  on the final sector within an FDP the allowed increase is exceeded because of unforeseen circumstances after take-off, the flight may continue to the planned destination or alternate aerodrome; and

(iii)   the rest period following the FDP may be reduced but can never be less than 10 hours.

(2)   In case of unforeseen circumstances which could lead to severe fatigue, the commander shall reduce the actual flight duty period and/or increase the rest period in order to eliminate any detrimental effect on flight safety.

(3)   The commander shall consult all crew members on their alertness levels before deciding the modifications under subparagraphs 1 and 2.

(4)   The commander shall submit a report to the operator when an FDP is increased or a rest period is reduced at his or her discretion.

(5)   Where the increase of an FDP or reduction of a rest period exceeds 1 hour, a copy of the report, to which the operator shall add its comments, shall be sent by the operator to the competent authority not later than 28 days after the event.

(6)   The  operator  shall  implement  a  non-punitive  process  for  the  use  of  the discretion described under this provision and shall describe it in the operations manual.

(g)       Unforeseen circumstances in flight operations — delayed reporting

The operator shall establish procedures, in the operations manual, for delayed reporting  in  the  event  of  unforeseen  circumstances,  in  accordance  with  the certification specifications applicable to the type of operation.

CS FTL.1.205 Flight Duty Period (FDP)

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25 thoughts on “ORO.FTL.205 Flight Duty Period (FDP)

  1. Hi, can you help me to understand if the traveling time between the place of rest (layover) is more than 30 minutes, when should the FDP start to be counted? In my airline the traveling time does not count for the FDP but only for the rest period.
    Thanks very much
    Alessandra

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    1. Travel time To/From place of rest is not part of the FDP.
      FDP starts at Report and ends upon the arrival of the last operating flight in the duty period.
      Duty ends when the crew member is released into a rest period.

      Travel time must be applied to ensure that the crew member will receive an 8 hour uninterrupted sleep opportunity.

      AMC1 ORO.FTL.235(b) Rest Periods

      MINIMUM REST PERIOD AWAY FROM HOME BASE
      The time allowed for physiological needs should be 1 hour. Consequently, if the travelling time to the suitable accommodation is more than 30 minutes, the operator should increase the rest period by twice the amount of difference of travelling time above 30 minutes.

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  2. Hi,
    My airline is actually scheduling this rotation BCN-SDQ-LPA, 12CCM and 4FCM, more than 4-hour time difference and Class1 rest facility. We do not have our FRMS approved yet. Is it allowed to do such a rotation ? Thank you for your help.

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  3. Hi,

    Just a simple confirmation and clarification required,
    If the operator planned an extention to ORO-FTL205(b) by inflight rest (d) can in unforeseen circumstances the commander uses discretion (f)
    For example :
    One sector non acclimatized state FRM
    12 hours granted FDP
    1:30 added in flight rest = total 13,30 min
    Can commander discretion be applied to achieve 15hrs 30 min adding 2 hrs discretion?

    Thank you for your support in advance
    Regards

    Like

  4. My company contacted me at 2 pm to cancel my duty for the next day at 7pm and reschedule my roster with a stand-by starting at 6 am. Are they allowed to do that? With a so short time in advance?

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  5. Hi

    I’m not able to find any limits to single or daily duty period other than it shouldn’t exceed 60 hrs in 7 consecutive days. Would you know how much is the maximum for single DP or there is no limit. If that so than I can do positioning 60 hrs?
    Thank you in advance

    Like

    1. You asked the following:

      I’m not able to find any limits to single or daily duty period other than it shouldn’t exceed 60 hrs in 7 consecutive days. Would you know how much is the maximum for single DP or there is no limit. If that so than I can do positioning 60 hrs?

      Your observation is correct, ORO.FTL does not specify any daily duty limits, ORO.FTL.205 requires the operators to establish in the certification scheme FDP limits. In all practically a crew member will not realistically be positioning over a 60 hour period, most likely some intervening rest periods will be provided.

      Part of that is that under AMC1 ORO.FTL.110 Provides the following guidance:

      (b) Schedules should allow for flights to be completed within the maximum permitted flight duty period
      and flight rosters should take into account the time needed for pre- flight duties, taxiing, the flight and
      turnaround times. Other factors to be considered when planning duty periods should include:
      (1) the allocation of work patterns which avoid undesirable practices such as alternating day/night
      duties, alternating eastward-westward or westward-eastward time zone transitions, positioning
      of crew members so that a serious disruption of established sleep/work patterns occurs;

      I believe you should review your operations manual and engage in a discussion with airline over this matter.

      /Garret

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  6. Garret,
    A question regarding FDP with different reporting time for flight crew and cabin crew. Would it be OK to extend with the difference in reporting time even if cabin crew have a short positioning directly before the flight and the pilots do not? The rule says “same sector or sectors” and positioning before an FDP is not counted as a sector. So cabin crew and pilots are reporting for the same sector even if reporting at different bases. Still off course with maximum 1 hour difference in reporting time. Guess that he intention of the rule must be to limit the allowed extension and not where the duty starts. Is that in line with your understanding of the rule?

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    1. Hi, you asked the Following:
      A question regarding FDP with different reporting time for flight crew and cabin crew. Would it be OK to extend with the difference in reporting time even if cabin crew have a short positioning directly before the flight and the pilots do not? The rule says “same sector or sectors” and positioning before an FDP is not counted as a sector. So cabin crew and pilots are reporting for the same sector even if reporting at different bases. Still off course with maximum 1 hour difference in reporting time. Guess that he intention of the rule must be to limit the allowed extension and not where the duty starts. Is that in line with your understanding of the rule?

      The specific provision you are discussing is ORO.FTL.205(c):
      (c) FDP with different reporting time for flight crew and cabin crew.

      Whenever cabin crew requires more time than the flight crew for their pre-flight briefing for the same sector or series of sectors, the FDP of the cabin crew may be extended by the difference in reporting time between the cabin crew and the flight crew. The difference shall not exceed 1 hour. The maximum daily FDP for cabin crew shall be based on the time at which the flight crew report for their FDP, but the FDP shall start at the reporting time of the cabin crew.

      First off, it is very clear that FDP begins at the reporting time of the cabin crew.

      I believe that the original intent of this rule was for when both flight and cabin crew report at the same location, but at different times.

      For the calculation of the Basic FDP limit (Table 2) the Start of the FDP reference time is the report time of the flight crew member.
      In the case when the cabin crew is required to report 1:15 before departure and the flight crew is required to report 1:00 before departure;
      the FDP limit from Table 2 may be increased by 0:15. Using this process the most that the FDP limit may be increased is 1:00 as this also stipulated in the regulation.

      When the difference in report time exceeds 1:00 or when the crew member reports at a different location, the entry into Table 2 will be to use the report time of the cabin crew member.

      In either case, the derived limit from Table 2 is compared to the actual FDP calculated from the actual time of report.

      Like wise, the required rest period required after a duty period as required in ORO.FTL.235 is based upon the actual time on duty from actual start of duty to the actual end of duty.

      In the case you are presenting, let’s say a cabin crew member reports at 08:00 (0:30) before the start of a DHD flight (08:30) with a total duration of 0:45 (09:15) followed by a flight which commences 0:30 after arrival of the DHD (09:45), total time of 1:45. the flight crew is required to report at 08:45 (1:00) before the start of the flight. The difference in report time is 0:45, thus using the difference report time provisions, your contention is that the FDP limit may be extended by 0:45 … that is a possibility provided that the local CAA agrees. However in all cases where the difference report time exceeds 1:00, the actual report time for the cabin crew must be used.

      I know my interpretation may be a bit conservative, so, please discuss with your Airline, Union and the local CAA, as they may have better guidance than I am providing.

      /Garret

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  7. HI, in a 2 sectors lh rotation do you think is it possible for a company to add a pilot after the first sector in order to extend fdp for the whole crew? Thanks for the answer

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    1. No, The entire crew must be augmented for the entire FDP.

      The requirements to extend an FDP due to in-flight rest are established in ORO.FTL.205(e).
      These are further clarified in CS FTL.1.205(c)(2) which gives the maximum duration of extended FDPs with an
      augmented crew.

      The maximum duration of the FDP is established for the entire flight crew, not for individual crew members.
      The crew is considered a unit for the calculation of the maximum FDP.

      By having different individual flight crew members reporting at different times, those crew members are not acting as a unit and will have different FDP limitations, due to different FDP start times.

      EASA answered a similar question in EASA FTL – FAQ July 2015 (see page 13).

      /Garret

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  8. Thanks, but I meant in case of 3 pilots joined by the 4th after the first sector max fdp for the entire crew is going to be 16 or 19 hrs? Thanks for tour reply

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    1. Should the FDP start with 3 FCM’s and end with 4 FCM’s, the limitations is for 3 FCM’s (16:00 for class 1 facilities, 15:00 with class 2, 14:00 with class 3).

      Like

  9. Thanks as usual,but if true in this example:” A.flight starts from A with pilot 1 and pilot 2 to B ( 1:30 hr sector ). Arriving in B a third pilot join the crew and they fly to C ( 11 hr sector). The lenght of the flight from B to C allows all the pilots to have enough rest during cruise phase. In this example, extension of the fdp due to inflight rest is possible or not?

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  10. Hi ,
    lets say that a crew lands at 19:45 out of base and the hotel transfer is at 20:00. The crew misses the 20:00 transfer (15 min post flight duty’s plus 15 min to the bus stop. Keep in mind that the operator expects from the crew to take the hotel transfer bus that departs every hour on the hour for all the hotel customers no arrangement for the crew) The crew arrives at the hotel at 21:30 but the rostering ends the duty at 20:30 even thought the crew is out of base and waits for the transfer. When the duty stops ?

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    1. Rostering is correct – Duty ends at 20:30 . Rest begins at 20:30.

      The rest period that begins at 20:30 must be no less than 10:00, thus the next Duty period may not begin any earlier than 06:30 (next day).
      Within that duty period, the CM must also be provided an 8:00 sleep period.
      The sleep opportunity (SO) must consider all travel time to/from the airport and time for physiological needs (PN).
      Generally PN is at least 1:00.
      The travel time from the airport TVA is 1:00 = (21:30 – 20:30)
      The travel time from hotel to Airport (TVH) is 0:45= (7:15- 6:30)
      I assume that the shuttle leaves on every 0:30 of the hour to the airport, bus is 0:30 wih an additional 0:15 to get to the designated report location.

      If we add up SO + PN + TVA + TVH this will provide the rest period provided (RPP), 8:00 + 1:00 + 1:00 + 0:45 = 10:45
      With 10:45, the CM has met the minimum 10:00.

      ORO.FTL.235
      (b) Minimum rest period away from home base.
      The minimum rest period provided before undertaking an FDP starting away from home base shall be at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 10 hours, whichever is greater. This period shall include an 8-hour sleep opportunity in addition to the time for travelling and physiological needs.

      Things get very complicated with such a rigid hotel shuttle schedule.

      I hope this helps.
      /Garret

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  11. As you said if we add SO+PN+TVA+TVH =10:45 so the earliest the crew must depart from the hotel is 07:15 and no 06:30 correct?

    Like

    1. Good, you got it.
      Rest is from end of duty to start of the next duty (20:30 to 07:15)
      ORO.FTL.105
      (21) “rest period” means a continuous, uninterrupted and defined period of time, following duty or prior to duty, during which a crew member is free of all duties, standby and reserve;

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  12. Another question to complete the previous topic. Let’s assume that take off time is at 07:30 with one hour before reporting time according to the company’s regulation the hotel bus is living every 0:30 of the hour that means at 05:30 is this ok or not ?

    Like

    1. Correct,
      The time from Release to Report is 10:00 (Actual Rest (AR)), which may seem fine, but we can determine whether 8:00 of SO has been provided.
      With TVA of 0:45 a hotel pickup at 5:30 will get you to the gate at 6:15, thereby you have a 0:15 wait time (WT) at the airport until 6:30.
      AR – (PN + TVA + TVH + WT) will yield Actual SO (ASO), 10:00 – (1:00 + 1:00 + 0:45 + 0:15) = 10:00 – 3:00 = 7:00, so the ASO is less than 8:00 which fails the Rest Requirement.

      Like

  13. The airline scheduled a two day home WBT PBN training . This count as duty ? and is it necessary to be published in the monthly roster?

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  14. I have the following question and I can’t seem to find an answer anywhere..

    What happens when there is a scheduled admin or training duty before a flight duty??
    For example: The PIC of a flight has admin duties at 08:00 and a flight at 12:00.

    The basic maximum duty period shall be calculated based on the reporting time for the flight at the airport or on the time he starts his admin duties?
    I realize that if he is allowed to work 12 hours the countdown will begin at the start of the admin, but I am confused whether I should calculate the basic allowed fdp from the admin time or from the reporting time.

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  15. Hi Garret,
    A question regarding extended flights ORO.FTL 205 (d)(1). The maximum daily FDP may be extended by up to 1 hour not more than twice in any 7 consecutive days.
    Do the number of extended flights count from reporting time of first exteded flight to reporting time for next extended flight? Or does any part of the extended FDP count if within the seven days? And the seven days is a rolling 168 hour period (hour by hour) or is it seven fixed 24 hour periods (midnight to midnight)?

    Like

    1. This provisions ORO.FTL.205(d) and CS FTL.205(b) deals with a planned extension of the FDP.

      The rule is applied to a FDP that operates with an un-augmented crew and the FDP does not operate under ORO.FTL.220 split duty.

      The look back is for 7 calendar days (base time) using a fixed 24:00 period midnight to midnight, and is based upon the report time for the FDP being evaluated.

      So a FDP that starts at 10:00 Time will need too look back 154:00 ( midnight day 1 to 10:00 day 7 ).
      Any FDP that ENDS within that time frame that has been extended above the scheduled limitation is included in the count.

      If the count of the previously extended FDPs is two or more, a planned extension is not permitted.

      /Garret

      Like

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