CS FTL.1.205 Flight Duty Period (FDP)

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ORO.FTL.205 Flight Duty Period (FDP)

(a)       Night  duties  under  the  provisions  of  ORO.FTL.205(b)  and  (d)  comply  with  the following:

(1)   When establishing the maximum FDP for consecutive night duties, the number of sectors is limited to 4 sectors per duty.

(2)   The operator applies appropriate fatigue risk management to actively manage the fatiguing effect of night duties of more than 10 hours in relation to the surrounding duties and rest periods.

GM1 CS FTL.1.205(a)(2) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

(b)       Extension of FDP without in-flight rest

The    extension of FDP without in-flight rest under the provisions of  ORO.FTL.205(d)(5) is limited to the values specified in the table below.

Maximum daily FDP with extension

Starting time of FDP

Sectors

1 – 2

3

4

5

06:15 – 06:29

13:15

12:45

12:15

11:45

06:30 – 06:44

13:30

13:00

12:30

12:00

06:45 – 06:59

13:45

13:15

12:45

12:15

07:00 – 13:29

14:00

13:30

13:00

12:30

13:30 – 13:59

13:45

13:15

12:45

14:00 – 14:29

13:30

13:00

12:30

14:30 – 14:59

13:15

12:45

12:15

15:00 – 15:29

13:00

12:30

12:00

15:30 – 15:59

12:45

Not allowed

16:00 – 16:29

12:30

16:30 – 16:59

12:15

17:00 – 17:29

12:00

17:30 – 17:59

11:45

18:00 – 18:29

11:30

18:30 – 18:59

11:15

19:00 – 06:14

(c)       Extension of FDP due to in-flight rest

In-flight  rest  facilities  in  accordance  with  ORO.FTL.205(e)(iii)  fulfil  the  following minimum standards:

—    ‘Class 1 rest facility’ means a bunk or other surface that allows for a flat or near flat sleeping position. It reclines to at least 80° back angle to the vertical and is located separately from both the flight crew compartment and the passenger cabin in an area that allows the crew member to control light, and provides isolation from noise and disturbance;

—     ‘Class 2 rest facility’ means a seat in an aircraft cabin that reclines at least 45° back angle to the vertical, has at least a pitch of 55 inches (137.5 cm), a seat width of at least 20 inches (50 cm) and provides leg and foot support. It is separated from passengers by at least a curtain to provide darkness and some sound mitigation, and is reasonably free from disturbance by passengers or crew members;

—     ‘Class  3  rest  facility’  means  a  seat  in  an  aircraft  cabin  or  flight  crew compartment that reclines at least 40° from the vertical, provides leg and foot support and is separated from passengers by at least a curtain to provide darkness and some sound mitigation, and is not adjacent to any seat occupied by passengers.

(1)   The extension of FDP with in-flight rest under the provisions of ORO.FTL.205(e) complies with the following:

(i)    the FDP is limited to 3 sectors; and

(ii)   the minimum in-flight rest period is a consecutive 90-minute period for each crew member and 2 consecutive hours for the flight crew members at control during landing.

GM1 CS FTL.1.205(c)(1)(ii) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

GM2 CS FTL.1.205(c)(1)(ii) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

(2)   The maximum daily FDP under the provisions of ORO.FTL.205 (e) may be extended due to in-flight rest for flight crew:

(i)    with one additional flight crew member:

(A)   up to 14 hours with class 3 rest facilities;

(B)   up to 15 hours with class 2 rest facilities; or

(C)  up to 16 hours with class 1 rest facilities;

(ii)   with two additional flight crew members:

(A)   up to 15 hours with class 3 rest facilities;

(B)   up to 16 hours with class 2 rest facilities; or

(C)  up to 17 hours with class 1 rest facilities.

(3)   The minimum in-flight rest for each cabin crew member is:

Maximum extended FDP (hours)

Minimum in-flight rest (hours)

Class 1

Class 2

Class 3

Up to 14:30

1:30

1:30

1:30

14:31 – 15:00

1:45

2:00

2:20

15:01 – 15:30

2:00

2:20

2:40

15:31 – 16:00

2:15

2:40

3:00

16:01 – 16:30

2:35

3:00

Not allowed

16:31 – 17:00

3:00

3:25

17:01 – 17:30

3:25

17:31 – 18:00

3:50

       (4)   The limits specified in (2) may be increased by 1 hour for FDPs that include 1 sector of more than 9 hours of continuous flight time and a maximum of 2 sectors.

(5)   All time spent in the rest facility is counted as FDP.

(6)   The minimum rest at destination is at least as long as the preceding duty period, or 14 hours, whichever is greater.

(7)   A crew member does not start a positioning sector to become part of  this operating crew on the same flight.

(d)       Unforeseen circumstances in flight operations — delayed reporting

(1) The operator may delay the reporting time in the event of unforeseen circumstances, if procedures for delayed reporting are established in the operations manual. The operator keeps records of delayed reporting. Delayed reporting procedures establish a notification time allowing a crew member to remain   in   his/her   suitable   accommodation   when   the   delayed   reporting procedure is activated. In such a case, if the crew member is informed of the delayed reporting time, the FDP is calculated as follows:

(i)    one notification of a delay leads to the calculation of the maximum FDP according to (iii) or (iv);

(ii)   if the reporting time is further amended, the FDP starts counting 1 hour after the second notification or at the original delayed reporting time if this is earlier;

(iii)   when the delay is less than 4 hours, the maximum FDP is calculated based on the original reporting time and the FDP starts counting at the delayed reporting time;

(iv)  when the delay is 4 hours or more, the maximum FDP is calculated based on the more limiting of the original or the delayed reporting time and the FDP starts counting at the delayed reporting time;

(v)   as an exception to (i) and (ii), when the operator informs the crew member of a delay of 10 hours or more in reporting time and the crew member is not further disturbed by the operator, such delay of 10 hours or more counts as a rest period.

GM1 CS FTL.1.205(d) Flight Duty Period (FDP)

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11 thoughts on “CS FTL.1.205 Flight Duty Period (FDP)

    1. Marco, you asked the following:
      During an fdp it is compulsary to rest only for the number of minimun crew or for all the crew member on board?

      Extensions of FDP by inflight rest are permitted under ORO.FTL.205 (e), and CS FTL.1.205 (c) (1) sets the needed conditions concerning inflight rest for flight crew; while CS FTL.1.205 (c) (3) sets the needed conditions concerning inflight rest for cabin crew;

      (1) The extension of FDP with in-flight rest under the provisions of ORO.FTL.205(e) complies with the following:

      (i) the FDP is limited to 3 sectors; and

      (ii) the minimum in-flight rest period is a consecutive 90-minute period for each crew member and 2 consecutive hours for the flight crew members at control during landing.

      (3) The minimum in-flight rest for each cabin crew member is: (Table is provided)

      As you can see, the inflight rest is required for each crewmember.

      So, inshort, all crewmembers must be given the required inflight rest.

      /Garret

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      1. Thanks, please give me another clarification: the terms “consecutive 90minute period ” is it valid for cabin crew also or only for pilots?
        I mean..rest for cabin crew may also be “not consecutive”?

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      2. Marco,
        The 1:30 / 2:00 inflight rests for flight crew must be consecutive, the inflight rest for cabin crew does not need to be consecutive, as CS FTL.1.205(c)(3) does not specifically require it. It should also be noted, that simply operating with extra cabin crew, while still staying within the basic FDP limits dose not require that all cabin crew actually receive an inflight rest.

        Best practices should permit a sufficient time to actually sleep. When a cabin crew member is provided 9, 10 minute periods to sleep, while technically meeting the constraints of the CS, it is not meeting the intent; to provide an opportunity to sleep.
        However; 2 periods of 45 minutes

          may

        provide the sufficient rest for the cabin crew member to perform the duties. Please have a discussion with the airline, and your local regulator for further guidance, as my opinion may differ.

        /Garret

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  1. Hey, but it is specified that :

    The extension of FDP with in-flight rest under the provisions of ORO.FTL.205(e) complies with the following:

    (i) the FDP is limited to 3 sectors; and

    (ii) the minimum in-flight rest period is a consecutive 90-minute period for each crew member (…)

    SO, I understand that the in-flight rest for cabin crew is consecutive also. I do not understand your point of view.

    Thanks!

    Like

    1. Lapland,
      The point you make is a valid one.

      CS FTL.1.205(c)(1)(ii) – requires a minimum of 1:30 for each crew member, (not just flight crew member).

      Lets say that the cabin crew (CC) is assigned to an augment FDP.
      Not only must the CC comply with CS FTL.1.205(c)(1)(ii); but they also must meet the requirements in CS FTL.1.205(c)(3).

      My point in earlier posts concerning CC in-flight rest was the the values from the table in CS FTL.1.205(c)(3) need not be entirely consecutive, but should be of a sufficient duration to provide at least some opportunity to actually nap/sleep.

      The point you made also agrees with the guidance on page 9 from Unite:
      https://understandingeasa2016ftl.files.wordpress.com/2016/05/ftlmembers-guide01.pdf

      This is a Union/Airline interpretation, so it may be interpreted elsewhere.

      /Garret

      Like

    1. Philip,
      In short, yes.

      CS FTL.1.205(b) provides for a Scheduled Extension of the FDP.

      The CS clarifies ORO.FTL.206(d)
      Maximum daily FDP for acclimatised crew members with the use of extensions without in-flight rest.

      When a crew member has the FDP extended under
      ORO.FTL(f) Unforeseen circumstances in flight operations — commander’s discretion

      Since the FDP is acclimatised with a un-augmented crew, the maximum extension permitted is 2:00 above the Table 2 limitations. ORO.FTL(f)(1)(i) refers.

      For example:
      FDP with 2 sectors starts at 10:00, the Table 2 Limit is 13:00, thus, the maximum extension under ORO.FTL(f) before takeoff is 2:00 (15:00).
      The same FDP with a scheduled extension under ORO.FTL.206(d) / CS FTL.1.205(b) is 14:00, thereby, the max permitted extension the commander may apply is 1:00.

      Under such extensions, the FDP must not be expected to end after 01:00 the next day (relative the the start time of the FDP). (10:00 + 15:00 yields 01:00 the next day)

      EASA did provide some guidance in the FAQ document:

      Commander’s discretion

      ORO.FTL.205(f) and

      CS FTL.1.205

      What are the limits for commander’s discretion for an extended FDP without in-flight rest ORO.FTL.205(d)?

      ORO.FTL.205(f)(1) establishes the envelope within which the commander may decide to modify the limits on flight duty, duty and rest periods.

      ORO.FTL.205(d)&(e) establish the conditions under which the operator may extend the maximum basic daily FDP.

      The rule applies in the case of unforeseen circumstances during any FDP, meaning that it is possible to apply commander’s discretion to the maximum basic daily FDP within the limits of ORO.FTL.205(f)(1) on a duty with a planned extension according to ORO.FTL.205(d).

      I hope my answer aids you in your understanding.
      As a reminder, I am not with the EASA, or any CAA or Airline or Union, so my opinion may not align directly, please discuss with the proper authorties.

      /Garret

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    1. Technically, EASA FTL do not regulate Daily Duty Time, ORO.FTL 205 regulates Flight Duty Period.
      A crew member in an acclimated state working a non-augmented FDP, that begins at 04:00 with 2 sectors is limited to 13:00 of FDP.
      So, the last operating flight must be planned to arrive no later than 17:00 (same time zone as report of the FDP).
      The same FDP may be extended Commander discretion by 2:00.

      The FDP may also be extended using split dutie limitations (ORO.FTL.220). When the CM is provided a break of 3:00 or more during the FDP, the FDP may be extended by 50% of the break, so in your example, with a 3:00 break the FDP may now be 14:30.

      Extension to the FDP may also be provided when the crew is augmented.
      No more than 3 sectors may be scheduled.
      For Flight Crew, depending on the number of additional crew and the type of in-flight rest facility provided, the FDP may be extended upto 17:00.
      all flight crew members must be provided 1:30 in-flight rest, and the crew landing the aircraft on the final sector must have been provided 2:00 in-flight rest.

      For Cabin Crew:
      Each crewmember must have been provided an in-flight rest period that conforms to the table in CS FTL.1.205(c)(3).

      Augmented and split duty operations are permitted to be extended by the commander upto 3:00.

      /Garret

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  2. Hello,
    How do the pilots take the in-flight rest?
    One at a time? 2 at a time?
    For example for a crew of 3 the minimum in-flight rest would be 2h * 2 pilots from the basic crew who are doing the landing plus 1h30 for the third pilot? 5h30?
    How many pilots are doing the landing? 1 or both from the basic crew?

    Thank you!

    Like

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